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Minor Gospel Differences

July 24, 2011
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This time I’m not going to bring up differences that pose problems for Christianity. I don’t know that these differences pose problems for anything. I just think they are interesting. Here are the lists of the eleven apostles in Matthew, Mark, and Luke. I say “eleven,” because Judas, always listed last, is always made (and identified in the list as) the traitor and was thus not a “true” disciple. I will also show the list from the Acts of the Apostles.

Matthew 10:

Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James, Thaddeus, Simon

Mark 3:

Peter, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James, Thaddeus, Simon

Luke 7:

Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James, Simon, Judas (not Iscariot)

Acts 1:

Peter, John, James, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew, Matthew, James, Simon, Judas

Notice that there are even differences between Luke’s and Acts’s lists, even though they’re supposed to form one volume, according to the introductions of each book. The most interesting difference is the placement of Andrew in Mark versus Matthew and Luke. This is notable because Matthew and Luke actually agree together against Mark. This doesn’t hold for the placing of Matthew or the placing and identification of the eleventh disciple, Thaddeus or Judas.

Again, these are not necessarily contradictions. Just a different name and different orders.

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